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Friday, 23 June 2017

Arab nations ask Qatar to shut down Al-Jazeera, issue 13 demands to end crisis

Saudi Arabia and its Gulf allies have  handed Qatar a list of 13 demands, including shutting down the Al Jazeera media network as the price for lifting a two-week trade and diplomatic embargo of the country.

According to Reuters, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Egypt had sent Qatar the list and had given the country 10 days to comply with the demands.




The demands included shutting down the Al Jazeera media network and its affiliates, halting the development of a Turkish military base in the country, reducing diplomatic ties with Iran, and stopping interference in the four countries’ affairs.

The countries say that the list will become void if Qatar fails to comply in the 10-day period.

The Saudi-led alliance regards al-Jazeera, the most widely watched broadcaster in the Arab world, as a propaganda tool for Islamists that also undermines support for their governments.

The Arab nations cut economic and diplomatic ties with Qatar on June 5, accusing it of supporting terrorism and destabilizing the region.

Qatar has become reliant on Turkey, and to a lesser extent Iran, for the supply of food since since the embargo came into force. It has previously said it would not hold talks until the embargo was lifted.

The 13 demands in full
  1. Curb diplomatic ties with Iran and close its diplomatic missions there. Expel members of Iran’s Revolutionary Guard and cut off any joint military cooperation with Iran. Only trade and commerce with Iran that complies with US and international sanctions will be permitted.
  2. Sever all ties to “terrorist organisations”, specifically the Muslim Brotherhood, Islamic State, al-Qaida and Lebanon’s Hezbollah. Formally declare those entities as terrorist groups.
  3. Shut down al-Jazeera and its affiliate stations.
  4. Shut down news outlets that Qatar funds, directly and indirectly, including Arabi21, Rassd, Al-Araby Al-Jadeed and Middle East Eye.
  5. Immediately terminate the Turkish military presence in Qatar and end any joint military cooperation with Turkey inside Qatar.
  6. Stop all means of funding for individuals, groups or organisations that have been designated as terrorists by Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Egypt, Bahrain, the US and other countries.
  7. Hand over “terrorist figures” and wanted individuals from Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Egypt and Bahrain to their countries of origin. Freeze their assets, and provide any desired information about their residency, movements and finances.
  8. End interference in sovereign countries’ internal affairs. Stop granting citizenship to wanted nationals from Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Egypt and Bahrain. Revoke Qatari citizenship for existing nationals where such citizenship violates those countries’ laws.
  9. Stop all contacts with the political opposition in Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Egypt and Bahrain. Hand over all files detailing Qatar’s prior contacts with and support for those opposition groups.
  10. Pay reparations and compensation for loss of life and other, financial losses caused by Qatar’s policies in recent years. The sum will be determined in coordination with Qatar.
  11. Consent to monthly audits for the first year after agreeing to the demands, then once per quarter during the second year. For the following 10 years, Qatar would be monitored annually for compliance.
  12. Align itself with the other Gulf and Arab countries militarily, politically, socially and economically, as well as on economic matters, in line with an agreement reached with Saudi Arabia in 2014.
  13. Agree to all the demands within 10 days of it being submitted to Qatar, or the list becomes invalid.




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